Survey Background and Purpose
Survey Background and Purpose
- As a ratifying country of the UN Convention on the Children’s Rights, Korean government is obliged to understand the human rights situation of children and youth, continuously monitor the progress of human rights, and submit a national report containing the results to the UN. To do so, it is necessary to establish data collection system related to the human rights of children and youth, which has been continuously recommended by the UN Committee on the children’s rights
- In 2006, National Youth Policy Institute developed a human rights indicator system to comprehensively understand the human rights condition of youth and conducted a survey on the human rights status of children and youth.
- Through periodic surveys based on human rights indicators, it is possible to understand the changes and progress of the human rights condition and the level of implementation of the recommendations of international organizations. By inducing social interest in the human rights of children and youth, it can contribute to the creation of a human rights-friendly environment for children and youth. By understanding the human rights condition and trends of children and youth through a survey on the human rights of children and youth, it can provide basic data for preparing the National Report on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Children.
By understanding the conditions and changes in human rights of children and youth in Korea, the survey intends to provide basic data for policymaking for the promotion of human rights of children and youth.
Survey Subject and Sample Design
Survey Subject and Sample Size
9,000 students enrolled in year 4~6 in elementary school, year 1~3 in middle school and year 1~3 in high school across the country (※High school type: regular high school, charter school, vocational school, special purpose school)
- Sample Extraction Frame: Annual Education Statistics Report from the Ministry of Education
- Sample Extraction Method: Stratified multi-level colony sampling (considering areal and school classification as stratified factors)
- Sample Distribution Method: Proportional distribution
For detail, please see ‘Statistics’, appendix of the Report
Survey Method and Period
- Survey Method: Self-administered survey in the presence of a surveyor in the classroom (2-type questionnaire: Elementary school, middle and high school)
- Survey Period: between May and July every year
According to children and youth human rights index system pursuant to UN Convention on the rights of the children, the survey looks into the conditions of 7 areas of human rights including general human rights, general principles, civil rights and freedoms, violence and abuse, family environment and alternative fostering, basic health and welfare for the disabled, educational leisure, and cultural activities.
Survey and Publication Cycle
- Survey and Publication Cycle: 1 year
- Statistical results table is released in January of the following year, and data are released at the end of December 2 years after the completion of the study.
- Publication range: Data per gender (male, female), school class (elementary, middle, high), area size (large, small-medium, small city), family type (adoptive parents, single parent, grandparents, other), grade (high, mid, low), and economic status (high, mid, low)
- Research on children's and youth rights consists of the 1st study (a study on the level of human rights for children and adolescents in Korea compared to international standards) (I to V) which lasted 5 years from 2006 to 2010 and the 2ndstudy (Study on human rights conditions of Korean children and youth) (I-VI) which lasted for 6 years from 2011 to 2016.
- 1st Study: Basic study to build a broad pool of individual indicators per area by subdividing the human rights domain into the right to live, right to protection, right to development, and right to participate.
- 2nd Study: The indicator system was reorganized into the framework of the guidelines for preparing the national report on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child to improve policy utilization. Since 2013, the survey cycle and system have changed to an integrated survey conducted every year, which had initially surveyed only 2 areas every other year, and provided the conditions for integrated analysis of human rights conditions.
- Since 2017, the 3rd study on the human rights conditions to check the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Children has been conducted under the project title, “Study on the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child: Korean Children and Youth Human Rights 2017”. During the 3rd study, the “Children's and Youth Rights Survey (National Statistics Approval No. 402001)” was conducted with continuity.
History of major statistical changes in survey on children's and youth rights
- 2009.6.24: Designated as approved statistics by the National Statistical Office (No. 402001) 「Survey on Human Rights Conditions of Children and Youth」
- 2009~2010: Nationwide survey (excluding Jeju Island) and analysis by school type (elementary/middle/high). Categorized into 4 areas largely and 2 areas of the categorized human rights are surveyed every other year.
- 2011~2012: Nationwide survey (excluding Jeju Island) and analysis by school type (elementary/middle/regular high/special purpose high). 2 of the human rights areas are surveyed every other year
- 2013~2016: Nationwide survey (including Jeju Island) and analysis by school type (elementary/middle/regular high/special purpose high). All areas of human rights are surveyed every year
- 2017~: Nationwide survey (including Jeju Island) and analysis by school type (elementary/middle/regular high/special purpose high). All areas of human rights are surveyed every year
- To improve the environmental change and completeness, detailed questions are supplemented, and request for approval statistics takes place every year. The contents are included in the appendix of the report, ‘Statistics'.
External Research Agency
2011~2013 Hankook Research, 2014 Kantar Public (former Media Research), 2015 Ipsos, 2016 Gallop, 2017Hankook Research