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정부3.0 정보공개

칼럼 한국청소년정책연구원이 청소년의 밝은 미래를 열어갑니다.

[장근영/선임연구위원] '요즘 것들' 청소년에 관한 오해와 진실(오마이뉴스, 2017.11.03)

  • 글번호 : 225
  • 작성자 : NYPI
  • 작성일: 2017-12-27
<p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">청소년에 대한 가장 큰 오해 중 하나는 누구나 그 시절이 어떤지 잘 알고 있다는 믿음이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">누구에게나 청소년기가 있었기 때문이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">그런데 과연 그럴까</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">? </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">요즘 청소년들이 기성세대가 청소년이던 그 시절과 얼마나 다른지를 몇 가지 키워드로 정리해보고자 한다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">1990</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 우리나라에서 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">24</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세 이하 인구의 비율은 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">46.1%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">였다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">당시 아동과 청소년은 전체인구의 절반 가까이를 차지하는 거대한 집단이었다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">하지만 저출산 기조가 계속되면서 이 비율은 계속 감소해서 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2016</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년에는 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">26.5%, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">즉 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">1/4 </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">수준으로 줄었다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. 25</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 동안 청소년 인구비율이 거의 절반 가까이 줄어든 셈이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">물론 아직까지 이 비율은 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">G7</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">국가 평균인 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">27%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">보다 약간 낮은 수준에 불과하다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">독일 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">23%, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">일본 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">22.6%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">에 비하면 높은 수준이기도 하다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">하지만 우리나라의 문제는 다른 국가에 비해서 그 감소 속도가 매우 빠르다는 점이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">앞으로 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 후 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2025</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년이 되면 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">24</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세 이하 인구는 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">21%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">로 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">G7</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">국가 중 최저치에 도달할 것으로 보인다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">이 변화는 단지 학생 수가 줄어들고</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">미래 인구가 감소하는 변화만을 의미하지 않는다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">일단 길거리에 돌아다니는 청소년들의 숫자가 줄었고</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">사회에서 청소년들이 차지하는 자리가 축소되었음을 의미한다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">안 그래도 투표권도 없어 정치적으로 늘 뒷전에 밀리는 청소년문제는 더욱 위축될 수밖에 없다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">온순해진 청소년</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">이게 무슨 말인가 싶으신 분도 있으리라</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">최근 청소년들은 흉포하고 잔인한 범죄로 뉴스 면을 장식하고 있기 때문이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">하지만 실제 통계에 따르면 청소년들의 범죄율은 꾸준히 감소 중이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. 1997</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 청소년보호법을 제정한 가장 큰 이유가 청소년범죄였다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">외환위기가 있었던 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">1997</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 당시 청소년범죄는 최고점에 도달해서 폭행상해범죄의 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">50%, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">절도범죄의 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">30%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">가 청소년들이 저질렀다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">하지만 그 이후 청소년범죄가 차지하는 비율은 점차 감소했다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">비록 같은 연령기준은 아니지만 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2016</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 대검찰청 범죄분석자료에 따르면 전체범죄 대비 소년범죄의 비율은 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2008</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">5.5%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">에서 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2015</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">3.5%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">까지 감소했다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">청소년 비행도 줄어들고 있다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">청소년의 흡연율은 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2011</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">12.1%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">에서 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2016</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">6.3%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">로 줄었고</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">가출경험 역시 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2011</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">20.6%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">에서 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2016</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년에는 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">15%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">까지 감소했다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">우리나라 청소년들이 얼마나 윤리적인지는 다른 나라와 비교해보면 더욱 확실하다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">한국을 방문한 외국의 청소년정책 담당자들이 한결같이 놀라는 건 서울의 치안수준과 길거리에서 만난 청소년들이 착하고 친절하다는 사실이었다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">외국의 청소년들이 마약과 총기 범죄를 저지르는 동안</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">우리나라 청소년들은 게임을 많이 한다는 이유로 국가적 문젯거리가 된다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">그럼에도 불구하고 청소년범죄가 이슈가 되는 이유가 몇 가지 있다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">우선 이전에 비해서 청소년범죄 사례가 인터넷을 통해서 아주 빨리 선정적으로 알려진다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">이전에는 해당 학교나 지역에서만 알려지고 말았을 범죄들이 이제는 순식간에 전국적 이슈가 된다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">그 결과 사람들이 체감하는 청소년범죄의 빈도가 늘었다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">둘째는 범죄를 저지르는 연령대가 좀 더 어려졌다는 사실이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. 2000</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년대 이전까지 청소년문제 빈도는 고등학교 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">1, 2</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">학년에서 최고점을 찍었다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">하지만 현재 이 시점은 중학교 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">학년으로 줄어들었다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">셋째 이유는 온순해진 청소년 자체일 수 있다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">학교나 부모의 권위에 순종하는 규범적인 사고 이면에는 또래에게도 위계질서를 강요하고 이를 저항 없이 받아들일 위험성이 존재한다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">또래 간 학교폭력 피해자들의 공통적인 특징은 그들이 지극히 온순해서 저항하지 못했다는 점이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">적어도 내가 청소년이던 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">1980</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년대는 그렇지 않았다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">당시 교사의 체벌은 지극히 당연했지만</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">또래끼리 맞고서 가만히 있는 친구는 거의 없었다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">더 길어지고 얇아진 청소년기</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">청소년기는 근대사회에서 새로 생겨난 개념이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">근대사회 이전에는 사춘기를 거쳐 신체적인 성숙이 완성되면 아동기가 끝나고 연애와 결혼</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">취업을 거쳐 성인기로 넘어갔다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">근대화 이후부터 교육기간이 늘어나면서 성인기 진입도 늦춰지기 시작했다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">성인기와 아동기 사이에 빈틈이 생겼고</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">이를 청소년기라 이름 붙인 것이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">문제는 이 청소년기가 갈수록 길어진다는 점이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">사춘기가 완료되는 연령은 점점 어려지고</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">반대로 성인기에 진입하는 연령은 갈수록 뒤로 미뤄지기 때문이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">1990</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 평균 초혼 연령은 남자가 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">27.9</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">여자는 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">24.8</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세였다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">이 나이가 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2015</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년에는 남자 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">32.6</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">여자 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">30</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세로 약 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">5</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 늦춰졌다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">가장 큰 이유는 안정된 직장을 가지는 시점이 그만큼 늦어졌기 때문이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. 2016</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 정규직 신입사원 평균연령은 남자 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">29.2</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">여자 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">27.9</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">성인기 진입이 늦어지는 만큼 청소년기의 종료시점도 늦춰졌다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">최근 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세에서 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">24</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세로 정의된 청소년의 기준에 청년을 포함시켜 최대 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">39</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세까지 늦추자는 법안이 발의된 것도 이와 같은 변화를 반영해서다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">청소년기가 이렇게 길어지는 반면</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">청소년들은 예전보다 더 일찍 어른의 세계에 들어서고 있다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">우선 시간제 고용</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">즉 아르바이트하는 청소년의 비율이 꾸준히 늘어나고 있다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">통계청에 따르면 아르바이트하는 청소년은 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2011</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년에 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">48%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">였고 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2015</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년에는 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">50.4%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">가 되었다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">1990</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년대 청소년에 대한 통계는 없지만 이보다 훨씬 적었을 것이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">그 결과 이전에 비교적 뚜렷하던 어른과 청소년들의 경계선도 희미해지고 있다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">덧붙여 사회의 주류 언론이 기성세대가 통제하던 대중매체에서 사용자에 의해 변화하는 인터넷으로 바뀌었다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">청소년들은 스마트폰과 인터넷을 통해서 자기 존재를 드러낸다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">그 결과 청소년 인구는 줄었지만</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">특이한 청소년들이 사람들에게 노출되는 빈도는 예전에 비해 더 늘어났다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">암울한 미래 전망</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">기성세대가 청소년이던 시절과 지금 청소년들은 미래에 대한 전망이 전혀 다르다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. 1980</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년대에는 고등학교를 졸업하고 취업하는 비율도 높았고</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">대학을 졸업하면 거의 다 취업할 수 있었다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">하지만 지금은 전혀 다르다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. 2014</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">15</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">~29</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세 연령대 중 비정규직 비율은 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">34.6%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">였다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">이들을 다 포함해도 청년 고용률은 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2015</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년에 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">41.5%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">에 불과했다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. OEDC </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">평균보다 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">10% </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">정도 낮은 수치다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">그나마 괜찮은 정규직은 갈수록 줄어든다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">그 결과 청소년들이 바라는 미래의 직장은 그 폭이 매우 좁다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. 15</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">~18</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">세 사이 청소년들이 선호하는 직장 유형 중 공공기관이 차지하는 비율은 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2006</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년부터 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2015</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년까지 계속 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">40% </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">선을 유지하고 있으며</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">대기업이 차지하는 비율은 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2006</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">18.4%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">에서 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2015</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년에는 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">22.8%</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">로 증가했다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">청소년들 앞에 놓인 미래가 얼마나 협소한지는 공무원시험 경쟁률이 잘 보여준다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. 9</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">급 공무원 경쟁률은 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2013</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년에 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">17.6:1</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">에서 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">2016</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">년에는 자그마치 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">54:1</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">로 높아졌다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">이는 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">54</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">명 중에서 </span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">53</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">명은 탈락할 수밖에 없다는 뜻이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">이런 상황에서 청소년들이 성실하게 학교에 다니고 미래를 준비한다는 것 자체가 대단한 일 아닐까</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">결론을 말하자면 우리나라 청소년들은 실제보다 더 흉포한 존재로 간주되며</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">그들의 잠재력은 실제보다 과소평가되어 있다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">우리나라 청소년들은 미국이나 유럽 선진국 청소년들에 비해서도 노동의 가치를 높이 평가하며 반드시 일을 해야 한다고 믿는 비율이 높다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">또한 다른 어느 나라보다도 평균 학력이 높고</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">교육받은 기간도 길다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">국제학업성취도평가</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">(PISA)</span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">나 국제시민의식교육연구</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">(ICCS) </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">등의 국제비교조사 결과들은 한국 청소년들의 논리수학적 문제해결 능력과 민주주의에 대한 지식</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">시민으로서의 판단능력이 매우 우수하다는 사실을 반복적으로 보여준다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt;"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="0" style="-ms-text-autospace:; mso-pagination: none; mso-padding-alt: 0pt 0pt 0pt 0pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">이러한 잠재력은 현재 우리나라 청소년들을 처한 불리한 환경에도 불구하고 비행이나 범죄에 빠지지 않고 사회적으로 바람직한 진로를 향한 노력을 멈추지 않는 이유를 설명한다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 함초롬바탕;">그러나 과연 언제까지 우리나라 청소년들이 이와 같은 바람직한 장점들을 계속 유지할 수 있을지는 의문이다</span><span lang="EN-US" style="letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: 돋움체; font-size: 10pt; mso-font-width: 100%; mso-text-raise: 0pt;">.</span></p><p><br></p><p><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체;"><br></span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체;">※ 이 칼럼은 필자의 개인적인 의견이며, 한국청소년정책연구원의 공식견해가 아님을 밝혀둡니다.</span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체;"><br></span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체;"><br></span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font-family: 돋움체;"><br></span></span></p><p><br></p>
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